New Drone and Some Photography

A friend of mine got a DJI Phantom 4 Pro and had it for a while and thought it was cool but a bit out of my price range, then someone else I knew got a Phantom 3. So I started looking more into things and bought a Phantom 3 Advanced and got some extra necessities with it. An extra battery, props, and a bag. In short, I have bought a few more accessories and well to make a long story short, I enjoy this new hobby. At this time I have flown it nearly everyday aside from a few days where it was raining. I have got over 1.5 million feet and nearly 18 hours of flight time, and something around 150 flights.

One of the things I figured out with the photography end was to shoot in RAW. Now I have been shooting in RAW with my Nikon for sometime but I’d say most people know they should but don’t know why exactly. The reason is mostly due to the dynamic range. JPEG images are pretty much limited to the standard color pallet your computer can display, RAW generally goes a little beyond that. So if you did slightly over or under expose an image you have a little more wiggle room for adjustments also there is no compression so the RAW files are generally 10x larger than a JPEG image.

Storm rolling in over Lake Chatuge

The next thing was learning about all the different flight modes. The Phantom 3/4 use GPS positioning and while that makes it easy to fly and generally much safer to fly, it is much like having training wheels but you, in most cases, don’t want to turn that off. Generally speaking I always take off and land in GPS mode. Once I am up in the air and the conditions are manageable I will fly in ATTI mode (attidude mode) which turns the GPS positioning off. It doesn’t disable the GPS, just lets the drone fly freely, but you are having to compensate for the wind and in a tailwind make for some extreme speed. In my case, I have been able to hit 60 MPH, but in reality I probably should not have been flying the drone that day. In the photo above, after landing, shortly afterward, the winds from the thunderstorm came through with 40-50 MPH gusts. That would have been bad and might have made it impossible to land the drone. To make matters worse, I’m near the lake and fly over water a lot.

I will say, of the few times I have seen a rainbow and had a camera, they are very hard to capture, same goes with sunsets.

Nice, but the sun is always over exposed and I guess in the case of the DJI Phantom 3 Advanced, just not enough dynamic range…even with a ND8 filter. I even tried HDR shots and still just didn’t get what I was wanting.

Now I am new to HDR image processing so some of the first ones were a bit dicey. There is no doubt, looking at the individual shots that I am getting a more vibrant image but I like for the results to be what I saw and the sun was very much orange and not white but there’s no saving it. At least not without a lot more editing and then that takes away from the whole thing.

The next thing is FAA regulations. There are a lot of them. The biggest problem for the area I live in is remaining at or under 400 ft AGL (above ground level). The problem is that the app, DJI Go, only shows your altitude relative from where you took off. So, unless you’re on a pretty flat area the AGL the app reports is pretty inaccurate. Meaning if I went to a mountain top that was 3,200 ft in elevation and flew out in a straight line, the app would say I’m 0 ft in altitude and let say the land in the valley below was 2,000 ft…the app says 0ft but I’m really 1,200 ft AGL and in serious trouble with the FAA. The other problem to contend with is that descending and climbing, climbing specifically, eats away battery life in a hurry. Also, can put your drone out of radio range. Which is another guideline, keep your drone in VLOS, visual line of sight. Now I know many people bend or break the rule on that. The phantoms are white…skies can be blue or white if it is cloudy and unless it is near dark the lights don’t help you so it is very difficult to follow that guideline to a T. Just depends on what you’re doing with your drone in terms of photography. The big thing though is pre-flight check. I will tell you right now if your prop comes off, your drone is crashing and if you’re 400 ft in the air and it falls on someone or damages someone else’s property there’s going to be issues. Check everything, have some common sense, know how the technology works, not just because it is fun. They don’t let people fly airplanes just because they want to. You probably wouldn’t want a Cessna flying into the roof of your house, same goes with your drone. So the big ones are pre-flight checks, battery maintenance and monitoring, and obey the 400 ft AGL limit. Don’t fly within 5 nautical miles of an airport with an active control tower, call them and ask, they’re probably going to be fine with what you’re doing. If you’re flying 200 ft in the air and you’re 4.5 miles away, they’re not going to have an issue and frankly that drone pilot is the least of their worries. The ones they worry about don’t call and try to “hack” the drone so they can fly it 16,000 ft in the air…

Anyway, more photos…

The more I play with the HDR stuff, the better. The biggest challenge is getting a photo with a low enough exposure…I can crank out over exposed photos all that with the Phantom. This was near sunset only using a UV filter and got surprisingly good results. At any rate it is easy to get a little too overkill working with the HDR to the point where it just doesn’t look real and “photorealistic” is what I am aiming for in most cases. So the picture above is pretty close to what it looked like as shot.

Anyway, I plan on sharing more stuff soon. I also put together a compilation you can watch here:

Some Perspective

I guess after been though a lot of emotions surrounding someone who I like very much, enough that you could say I was in a pretty deep crush with. I started asking myself “Why?” I did have answers to that, I mean good looks with good personalities seems to be hard to come by. However, I felt that lot of crush was well in my mind. I wanted to have a relationship, I could see the future sort of speak. Frankly it was really unfair to both my and him. I just was not being realistic and thinking I could be friends with with him with my state of mind was, well kind of clumsy. It was heading to a concrete wall.

I tend to get in a hurry when I want something badly, doesn’t matter what it is. If it is a new gadget that I want I will wheel and deal to get it, and shamefully as it was, I was doing the same thing. Why it mattered to me how he would answer a question is really silly. I, nor he would know how he’s going to feel about anything 3 months, 6 months, a year from now. I do know he was more focused on the things he had to work on and well has every right and the sense to do so. So when I talked to my friends about things I didn’t really agree, at least not completely, that I was being treated poorly. I don’t know any of his other friends or how their friendships work but I do feel that being told to email only was kind of a bum deal but he can call, text me at his leisure. That seemed a bit unfair, even on a friendship basis, but I am used to dealing with people who text, Facebook, etc…He does none of those (and I don’t blame him). So, when it comes to him he isn’t the typical case here, not if you ask me and what I have grown to know about him. He is quite shy and I think there are probably some things he is hesitant to either tell me or just talk about…likewise I don’t know what they are.

At this point I am worries whether our friendship is going to connect back up here in a few months. I felt that with the tension we have been having which yeah a lot of it I brought on to myself that it would be better to just hold off until May. I just hope he didn’t take that as I didn’t want to talk to him or be friends but I know myself, I wouldn’t stop crushing on him and things would just get nasty with him not having time to talk. The thought does cross my mind that of the friends who told me that if he really liked me that he would find the time to send a text, and well he did occasionally send an email but to me, at least in my world, email is an afterthought. Email is something I check once or twice a day. Now with him I would be checking it all the time, or if I ordered something I wanted so I could keep an eye on tracking, otherwise no one emails me, nothing important enough that I need to check it so often. Interestingly enough back in the day, email was a thing, people did email me, now it is text messages, Facebook, Pintrest, Instagram…and it is a bitch to keep up with them all so I just have to better understand how his mind works and compromise. Yes I think you can compromise as friends. All I can say most of my emails went unanswered so that in part of the whole texting thing that went on between us, I just didn’t feel well with it, not that he did or didn’t have intentions of making me feel that way. I don’t know that I can fully trust people anymore. One minute they’re kissing you because you bought them a gift they thought was awesome now hardly seem to matter, but that’s not to say it doesn’t matter, it’s how I feel.

If I didn’t like the guy I wouldn’t be writing all this and trying to find ways to either give him space, get him off my mind, but I won’t buy that he was trying to be mean. I don’t know what life is for him on the daily and he isn’t the kind of person who takes joy in telling you what they had for dinner last Tuesday. I am though, at least at this point in my life much more in tune with my emotions and damn it’s not easy to put a sock in it sometimes. I tell people I am honest and nearly all the time my honesty tends to cause more trouble…. Perhaps it isn’t the honesty, it is the timing. For instance, and thank God I never did this, but there was a point about a year ago I damn near told him that I loved him which would have made me a fool and probably would have ran for the hills. However, I guess to some extent I kind of do. I really want him to graduate, I really want him to be successful and to be happy and even if that means I’m totally out of the picture. If that is the case, yeah I’m going to be upset, never handled rejection well. I think the other thing that persisted in my mind was how do I make this guy happy. I mean I’m mediocre looking, kind of overweight – but not fat, I probably won’t make nearly the kind of money he’s going to make, at least not in the grand scheme of things. Am I going to be holding him back? You know a lot of times when it comes to this sort of things I look at how my sister and her husband make it work. She pays the bills, he puts money in savings. When they want to travel or do something they have the money to do it. However, that being said, it takes a great amount of trust to make that arrangement work. Most partners want to split things down the middle and that makes sense too…. Anyway getting too far off course. I just try to figure out how I can make someone happy and love me enough and be able to show that just as I want to show them.

I think the reality may be that I am hoping too much, even for a friendship at this point let alone anything more. Sometimes, moving away from something you think will just be great and be able to see what happiness and love do have to offer, hard to swallow that and move on.

Live Forever

It must be natural to have a fear of death and I’m no different. I suppose I realize that at some it will happen. We know we need to eat well, exercise and be happy to have a better chance of living a long life. So we try to eat vegan, and fail. We try to exercise and be loving and often fail on those things too. We’re human. I think the interesting thing is if you ask most people whether or not they would want to live forever, most would probably say yes. I would. I think the reason why we say yes is that forever is pretty foreign to us, forever is a long time but to say someone like me who’s in their 30’s, forever is pretty foreign. How can I know what forever is? More interestingly, why would I or anyone want to love one person forever? Where does that idea come from? I’ve been told monogamy isn’t natural but yet so many of us seem to want to fall in love with one person and spend the rest of our days with. More so we want to find that person right now and not later.

A friend of mine posted this video of Neil Degrasse Tyson and Larry King talking about the fear of death and living forever. I think Neil’s response is kind of spot on.

I think Neil illustrates why we do often feel that me need to be going somewhere with our lives, we need to accomplish something, no matter how small. For some it is having a successful career or a bike or a car. I mean we do often forget that much of the world is in poverty, so things like having a bike is a big deal in some parts of the world. I think the one thing that struck with me is the need to express love. I am definitely in need of expressing love and I get a lot of happiness doing so, when I can. Very hard to find a partner, there’s so many needs to fulfill, not just of my own but seems that it really is something rare to come across someone who is just as tied up in knots about you as you are them. I think the urgency to love, be successful can also drive is to desperation, depression and loneliness.

If I look back at my days of going to college and that point where I just accepted that I wasn’t going to pass my classes and I’m going to be broke next semester anyway I got pretty depressed, for a couple years. At that point in time I figured I was destined to just work crap jobs making crap pay and so on. I did finally quit moping and went out to be an intern at a computer shop and ended up getting hired. In my case it was the best thing that happened to me. Not saying I’ve climbed some big corporate ladder or that I’m rich or anything, I’m not either of those. However, I am in a much better place in that regard. I think being gay and in the sticks would make it hard for anyone to find a partner and thinking about my age and where I am and everything I really have the urgency to find someone, fall in love and settle down. It kind of is a daunting task. There’s a lot to it and I often feel like maybe I’m not up to the challenge, like maybe I don’t know what it takes to make someone happy or that I don’t even know what makes me happy. I feel it is a big ball of confusion and at times I wonder how loving each other got to be a big ball of confusion, used to when I was a kid all that was simple and second nature.

I don’t have something whimsical to say here. Just wanting to rationalize how I feel and make sense of things. Human nature is pretty interesting.


I can tell you first hand just how terrible smoking is and how difficult it is to quit…and stay quit. I started smoking when I was 14-15…smoked pretty much for 14 years, tried quitting here and there. Finally in 2014, after having a panic attack and thinking for the longest time that it was something like a heart attack. I finally quit…. I stayed quit for over two years. I did a triathlon last summer and with a few disappointments and in fitness, relationships and so on I first snuck a cigarette back this past November… It almost always starts the same way too. First you sneak one here and there, bum a cigarette from a friend or something. Next thing you know, you’re failing the litmus test and you have to go buy a pack and you’re hooked again. You can’t really find any good excuses why because there aren’t any. Doesn’t mean you should feel ashamed. In my case I’m around a smoker all the time. Fortunately though I really have avoided bringing it to work. I work at a school and I don’t like the idea of blowing second hand smoke at kids, just isn’t cool and I would really hate for anyone to go through the hell of what smoking is, what it does to your health…breath and so on.

So I got to do it all over again. I mean fortunately I’m not 6 months in, a little over a month. I keep thinking about my health, my mouth…getting lung problems down the road… but what really gets me is me being single. Smoking isn’t sexy anymore, people don’t like it. It stinks, makes your breath rancid. Plus the one person you got a crush on and might have looked up to you in some way…well you can sure bet you going back to smoking is a big let down for them.

Let’s face it I deal with a little bit of depression time to time, there’s things I need to take control of in my life that I keep letting slip away and it gets me down at times. So smoking can sometimes, temporarily alleviate the ailments but only for a short time. Unfortunately with quitting, whether it is the first time, or 6th time, there isn’t an easy way. You simply have to bit the bullet and quit and be ready for several days of feeling on the edge, but it is the right thing to do.

Lunch Shaming (Reaction)

A lunch lady quit her job after a school enforces a policy of denying kids a hot lunch if they owed more than $25. Looking at the article and without further research it sounds like this school is in a poorer neighborhood. So what they’re doing if you’re in K-6 you get a sandwich, all but after you hand over the hot lunch — which gets thrown in the trash. If you are 7th-12th you get no lunch, because all know that kids stop growing after 6th grade.

Here’s the article I read: Pa. school cafeteria worker quits over “lunch shaming” policy

I wasn’t a stranger to having PB&J in school. When I was in elementary school we had “lunch cards.” Parents would send their kid with money to buy so many lunches for the month, etc. Well at times we didn’t have lunch cards or money and would get a peanut butter and jelly sandwich for lunch. I can tell you from my experience being a kid a PB&J isn’t enough and frankly it isn’t nutritious or all that healthy.

I think it is sad that we as a nation have found it more important that we make it a higher priority to put laptops and tablets in kids hands than a healthy lunch or physical activity. I mean we have more obese and unhealthy kids than ever before. We have kids who will get diabetes before they’re out of their prime…and unfortunately their prime is not in their 20’s, it’s now. I think because we allow government ad big corporations to keep a stronghold on education and kids that we as a nation are decaying from within, all because of greed…because the balance sheet doesn’t look good we have to turn out noses to what is right. Finland gets it, they get education, they’re #1 in education in the world and it isn’t because they’re doing standardized tests and feeding their kids overpriced and unhealthy foods.

The sad thing is that I don’t think it will get any better anytime soon. I think the trend will continue, as long as big business and government have a tight hold…and they will. Things aren’t going to change without a lot more force from the public. Sometimes there are small victories but it will literally take moving mountains to get the soda machines out of the schools. Heck a lot of students just get crap out of the vending machines, eating what I call “science food.” I started saying that as a joke, but if you look at a cinnamon roll out of a vending machine there’s probably 70 ingredients in it…has 45g of fat and 450 calories, I mean this is what is supposed to be fueling a brain that is supposed to be learning.

I think George Carlin said it best…

“There’s a reason for this, there’s a reason education sucks, and it’s the same reason it will never ever ever be fixed. It’s never going to get any better. Don’t look for it. Be happy with what you’ve got… because the owners of this country don’t want that. I’m talking about the real owners now… the real owners. The big wealthy business interests that control things and make all the important decisions. Forget the politicians. The politicians are put there to give you the idea that you have freedom of choice. You don’t. You have no choice. You have owners. They own you. They own everything. They own all the important land. They own and control the corporations. They’ve long since bought and paid for the Senate, the Congress, the state houses, the city halls. They got the judges in their back pockets and they own all the big media companies, so they control just about all of the news and information you get to hear. They got you by the balls. They spend billions of dollars every year lobbying. Lobbying to get what they want. Well, we know what they want. They want more for themselves and less for everybody else, but I’ll tell you what they don’t want. They don’t want a population of citizens capable of critical thinking. They don’t want well-informed, well-educated people capable of critical thinking. They’re not interested in that. That doesn’t help them. That’s against their interests. That’s right.” ~ Life Is Worth Losing (2005)

“They don’t want people who are smart enough to sit around a kitchen table and think about how badly they’re getting fucked by a system that threw them overboard 30 fuckin’ years ago. They don’t want that. You know what they want? They want obedient workers. Obedient workers, people who are just smart enough to run the machines and do the paperwork. And just dumb enough to passively accept all these increasingly shittier jobs with the lower pay, the longer hours, the reduced benefits, the end of overtime and vanishing pension that disappears the minute you go to collect it. And now they’re coming for your Social Security money. They want your fuckin’ retirement money. They want it back so they can give it to their criminal friends on Wall Street. And you know something? They’ll get it. They’ll get it all from you sooner or later ’cause they own this fuckin’ place. It’s a big club and you ain’t in it. You and I are not in the big club. …The table is tilted, folks. The game is rigged and nobody seems to notice. …And nobody seems to notice. Nobody seems to care. That’s what the owners count on. The fact that Americans will probably remain willfully ignorant of the big red, white and blue dick that’s being jammed up their assholes every day, because the owners of this country know the truth. It’s called the American Dream, ’cause you have to be asleep to believe it.” ~ Life Is Worth Losing (2005)

Searching For Meaning

I’ve always ponder about what the meaning of life is, what is the purpose and point. I don’t meaning in terms of just my life but life in general. I do feel that life should be more substantial than going to work 9-5 and that life should be made up of experiences, those consisting of not just trying new things but gaining wisdom through experiences. I think life should be exposing yourself to things that don’t make you comfortable, humiliation, embarrassment for instance. As bad as experiencing those things are, they kind of shape you. You can learn from your mistakes and become a better version of yourself through experiences. So I think one of the points in you and me living a life is to be the best person you can be.

I also wonder about life’s origins and the evolutionary process. I wonder if we’re the only ones living on a rock floating through space, or what sort of possibilities there may be. Perhaps that’s why I have a fascination for the night sky. Looking at all the stars and knowing that many of them are long gone since the light left the star thousands if not millions of years ago. To think that the destiny of the handful of photons was to hit the retina of my eye, just seems to make everything have some sort of meaning. I feel that there is some sort of purpose for anything happening, even if we think that it makes absolutely no sense at all. I’m not saying we have a destiny, I don’t believe things are pre-determined or that you’re destined to be. I think it is more like you’re placed into reality where you have limited control on things in your life. For instance, I can plan to do things, if I do them that’s one thing, or if I don’t another. However, I have no control over external conditions that might effect whether I am able to do the thing or not. Sounds a little confusing. I think we do have some control in our lives but at the same time we don’t. Interestingly enough there have been studies done on whether or not free will is a real thing or not and the findings seem to go against it. In a nutshell they’re finding that you’ve made the decision to do something or not before you have consciously decided to. I don’t have the sources, I’ll have to look them up and add it in for further reading.

I suppose we may never find the very reason we’re really here but I think cannot deny what we have is something very special and shouldn’t be wasted, no matter what religion or spirituality you believe in. Me personally I do believe in a God or higher power, I haven’t figured out the rest. I’m not religious or go to church but I don’t think that everything in the universe became what it is without a cause. Perhaps it is my inability to understand but I feel like there is a reason for anything, even this very moment.

The Future Freaks Me Out

I notice that the more I think the more I worry about the future… especially health issues, sooner or later everyone has them. My worrying and anxiety usually doesn’t get me anywhere, certainly doesn’t help solve any problems. Perhaps it’s not having the “control” I want, being in control of things in my life means a lot and perhaps it is my problem with just going with the flow. When it comes to health problems, or looming issues, sometimes I don’t know if it is just better to just take a damn pill or try to deal with it head on. In the past it has been my choice to deal with it head on but now I wonder if that really will work. I feel that inevitably, whether I run or become a couch potato I will get whatever condition. I do think that having become more in tune to my health that I have definitely, for the most part made a positive effect on my overall health. I mean when I was a smoker my blood pressure was hitting kind of scary numbers and probably should have been on medication at that time. Right now it has been in the normal range close to a year and that is all from not smoking, losing some weight and all the other activities I’ve been doing. However, it is hard to stay motivated, a lot of external factors can just drag you down — if you let it.

Then I worry that I may end up single all my life. People keep saying, give it time…give it time. I’ve allowed plenty of time and god dammit I don’t don’t want to be 50 and just getting settled into a relationship. I keep getting told and also think that it’s the area. Then I work the statistics… Yes, overall I think it is the area, the demographics. People my age don’t stay here, well the kind of guys I would be into don’t seem to. That’s not saying there aren’t good guys around they’re just usually taken or if my luck isn’t bad enough moving away in two weeks. Yes, that has happened. I started talking to someone who was moving away in two weeks — what’s the point in that? I mean yeah I have a Prius and I could drive 100 miles to go hang out with someone and so on, but I can’t hardly ever…EVER get someone to figuratively speaking meet me halfway. It seems I am often the one wanting and trying to make things work. There just seems to be something fundamentally wrong with a lot of guys in what their expectations are in dating. But hell it has been so long since I have been in a (air quotes) mature relationship that I don’t know anymore, maybe it is me or maybe it is all the so-called dating apps.

I also sit and think that the time is going by at a much faster rate than we realize. In the moment, it seems that minutes and hours go by at a crawling pace but at the end of the day all the time has passed in a blink of an eye. I feel like there should be something more to show for it, some quality time spent not staring into a screen waiting for the the next email to come through or hoping some cute guy is going to message me.

I need to realize more and more that worrying being fearful about things beyond my control is pointless. You can’t worry about too much when you’re worm food.

Relationship Advice Everyone Can Use

I think it is safe to say many of us have had that one crush that got away. I think the thing to understand here is that a crush is called a crush because that is often how you are left feeling.

I think it is important, critical actually, that you try to stay realistic about things. If you ask me the main reason why our crushes never worked out is likely due to compatibility issues. It is very likely that we don’t know the person as well as we might imagine. Sure we imagine a life full of wonder, happiness and so on but did you ever stop to think about how they might feel? Could you be harassing your crush unintentionally?

Ask yourself this. If you have been rejected by your crush on going on a date. Don’t you agree that backing off is a better choice? Persistence doesn’t get you anywhere, perseverance does.

Think about it like this. If you play things cool you will at least stand a better chance at least being their friend in the end and not the weird guy who kept asking them out and getting turned down.

It may not seem like it but there are more fish in the sea, even I at times have to remind myself of that because it isn’t everyday you find someone who you think you can spend the rest of your life with.

Just something to think about.

New Prius

So I decided that I should trade in my Dodge Challenger R/T for a new Toyota Prius. The 2016 Prius got a new face and a new power train. While it’s certainly not as exciting as driving the Challenger it is certainly a huge step up in fuel economy. However, fuel economy wasn’t my only reason for trading it in.

When I bought the Challenger I bought it in between jobs, coming out of a very stressful job. For lack of a better explanation, I bought the Challenger on an impulse of wanting a fast sporty car. Of course the advice is very much well known to never buy a car on an impulse, especially what ends up costing over $37k. So I essentially ended up buying more car than I really should have, ended up with expensive payments. The other major thing that happened is that after driving the new Challenger for a day the transmission blew up with only 130 miles on the odometer and the car had to be towed in the very next day. This is like the worst thing that could happen right after buying a new car and a good way to really doubt the reliability of the car. The common theme I hear from people is that most all cars will last over 200,000 miles. The truth is that isn’t always the case, so many factors that go into how long a car will actually last.

During the time I didn’t have the Challenger I started reading up on things and I discover these cars have good bit of things going wrong. While a transmission going out probably isn’t a common thing, despite Dodge’s reputation about transmission problems. For two weeks I was driving a smelly used Doge Charger.

When I got the car back the transmission seemed to work fine but it didn’t quite drive like I think it should have. Not like the car I test drove. See that’s the other mistake I made. I test drove another car like it, it was still the same trim and everything but not the car I was buying.

So a year later I decided I really need to get away from this car and get something I feel is going to last. Before I had the Challenger I had a 2013 Prius C. The Prius C is a smaller variant of the regular Prius. The only problem I had with it was that it was very small and not quite as practical due its smaller size, although that’s not to say the Challenger was anymore practical. I know of many cases where folks have had minimal issues with their Toyota, including the Prius.

So I was able to trade-in the Challenger, lower my payments. However the catch is that I had negative equity on the Challenger. While I could have waited to possibly decrease the negative equity I more than likely wouldn’t have been able to narrow the gap for another two years and with the feeling that something might go wrong outside of the warranty period seeing I had put 30,000 miles on the Challenger in a year. I think may have made a better choice. The Prius has a better warranty on it anyway.

So I went from this…



To this…

Hopefully the Prius will prove to be more reliable and finally get out of the ever revolving debt with buying cars. There’s really nothing to not like about the Prius. Can fit 4 passengers comfortably with plenty of leg room and be able to load luggage all while getting great fuel economy. While it doesn’t quite drive like a muscle car it serves the purpose of getting to point A to B, efficiently and safely.